Description

One of the oldest cities of Punjab, Bathinda, is famous as a historical and religious centre dating back to 7000 BC.

However modern Bhatinda came into existence in 965 AD, established by Bala Rao Bhatti - a Bhati Rajput king. This is also the very city where Guru Hargobindji fought against the Mughals in 1634. Later, it followed the culture and systems of the erstwhile princely state of Patiala, but is now its own district.

Similar to the fascinating and significant history that the area has, it offers various attractions to tourists like Quila Mubarak, Bahia Fort, Chetak Park, Zoological Gardens, Dhobhi Bazaar as well as the Mazaar of Peer Haji Rattan. This town is a good choice to experience bits of history and feel Punjab.

The district derives its name from the district headquarters town of Bathinda, which is of great antiquity. According to Khalifa Muhammad Hassan, author of History of Patiala, its ancient name was Bikramgarh. According to raverty, Bathinda was known as Tabarhindh (Labb-ut-Twarikh). According to Ibn Batuta it was known as Batrind. The earliest mention of Tabarhindh occurs in the "Jami-Ul-Hakayat" written about 607 Hijri or 1211 AD. According to "Ainai-Barar Bans" Bathinda was built by Bhati Rao, son of Bal Band, who became ruler of Punjab in 336 Bikrami Sambat. He also founded Bhatner. It was also called Whatinda and Bitunda which finally become known as Bhatinda. But its name was changed to Bathinda on the authority of Survey of India to conform to the phonetical expression as locally pronounced. In recent times the town was conquered by Maharaja Ala Singh (near about 1754 AD) and since then it followed the history of erstwhile princely state of Patiala. With the dawn of indendence and merger of Patiala and East Punjab States into a division styled at PEPSU, Bathinda become full fledged district which states has combined even after the merger of PEPSU with erstwhile Punjab State in 1956.

It consists of 285 villages out of which 281 are inhabited and 4 are uninhabited, eight towns and one census town.

Bathinda Tourism:

  1. Qila Mubarak - The fort at Bathinda is possibly the oldest in Punjab, going back as far as the early Christian era. Intended as a safeguard against invasion, the Qila Mubarak resembles a great big schooner soaring over dusty plains.
  2. Mazaar of Pir Baba Haji Rattan - The mazaar (mausoleum) of Pir Baba Haji Rattanmarks the site where the mystic used to meditate. Its religious significance is heightened by the fact that both Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh visited it. This place of worship continues to attract people of all faiths even today.
  3. Bhagwathi Mandir - Legend ascribes the building of Bhagwathi Mandir to a 17th century miracle. Two devotees from Maiser Khana lit a fire to offer prayers to goddess Bhagwathi, the presiding deity at Jwalamukhi temple, where they were headed. It is said that her vision appeared and asked them to return to their village and worship her there instead. The temple, thus built, continues to draw hordes of devotees during the biannual fairs held here since.
  4. Sri Damdama Sahib - Takhat Sri Damdama Sahib was developed as a centre of Sikh learning by Guru Gobind Singh and is considered one of the five Sikh Takhats. The Guru rested here after the battle at Muktsar, earning the place its name which means breathing or resting place.
  5. Deer Park - Mini Zoo (Deer Park) Bir Talab : This Mini Zoo is situated approximately 5 km from Bathinda City. It is located in Bir Talab Forest area. The Deer Park is surrounded by a boundary wall. The total livestock position in this mini zoo is around 250. The wildlife species mainly found in this Mini Zoo are Black Buck, Samber Deer, Spotted Deer, Bonnet Macaque, Budgerigar, Cockatiel, Dove, Red Munia, Parrots, White Sparrow and Indian Peafowl.
  6. Bahia Fort - The Fort built in 1930, belonged to a group of 22 villages, so called Bahia Sahib. It was as official residence of armed forces of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh Patiala State. Now it has been converted into a Four Star Hotel.
  7. Maiser Khana Mandir - MaiserKhanais a temple built to honour the goddesses Durga and JwalaJi. It is built 29 kilometers away from Bathinda on Bathinda-Mansa Road. Each year two grand melas are held here on ashtmi.
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